3D printing technology has expanded to unimaginable heights. Its application has been extended to fashion, engineering, and medicine. They are now at the service not only of architecture, but with any material.
In fusion with WASP (World’s Advanced Saving Project), the Mario Cucinella Studio of Architects has created the first prototype of Sustainable Housing . It was printed entirely in 3D using the clay from the site as a material.
This house was named TECLA after Italo Calvino’s invisible city, which is a city in continuous construction. It also coincides with the union between the English words technology and clay (clay).
WASP and Tecla were also inspired in part by the potter wasp. His hives were constructed with clay in a circular form and were similar to Tecla’s.
This prototype, located in Massa (Italy), combines traditional construction techniques with 21st-century production technology. It is adaptable to any climate or context.
These two domes are connected and feature an open living space, a bedroom with bathroom, and a bedroom. The eco-design includes gray water treatment and rainwater harvesting to be used in the garden. The house also features solar panels, which provide clean energy.
TECLA’s construction produces almost no emissions as it uses all local resources and generates no waste. It is also made from raw clay and is a pioneering example in low-carbon housing. This lays the foundation for more efficient, sustainable habitats.
What is the 3D house process?
This house was built using several 3D printers that were connected at once, allowing for large-scale production.
A number of 3D printers are used in the construction process. The system also allows for mixing and collecting materials. WASP’s proprietary software coordinates two synchronized printing arms during construction. This software is the result of years of research and has been used to digitally train report material.
TECLA can easily be printed in just 200 hours with G codes. It uses 350 layers of 12mm and 150 km of extrusion.